John B. Hattendorf collection of John L. McCrea papers
Scope and Contents
This collection consists of correspondence and photographs relating to Admiral McCrea’s professional career and personal interests. Of particular interest are photographs with President Franklin D. Roosevelt upon their return from the Casablanca Conference in 1943.
- 1918, 1942-1953
- Hattendorf, John B. (Collector, Person)
- McCrea, John L. (John Livingstone), 1891-1990 (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Access is open to all researchers, unless otherwise specified.
Conditions Governing Use
Material in this collection is in the public domain, unless otherwise noted.
John Livingstone McCrea (1891-1990), son of Dr. Henry and Lilly Livingstone McCrea, was born in Marlette, Michigan on 1891 May 29. He served in the U.S. Navy from 1915, following his graduation from the United States Naval Academy, until his retirement in 1953 as a vice admiral.
Admiral McCrea served in both world wars. During World War I, he served in the battleship New York, which was a unit of the Sixth Battle Squadron and operated with the British Grand Fleet in the North Sea throughout the last year of the war. In the interwar period, McCrea served on a series of different ships and attended the U.S. Naval War College graduating in 1924. He also worked in the Office of the Judge Advocate General, Navy Department, and was the aide to the Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral Harold R. Stark. He also served as naval secretary at the first meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff at the Arcadia Conference in December 1941.
At the start of World War II, he was appointed naval aide to the President Franklin D. Roosevelt. In this role, he accompanied the President to wartime conferences at Casablanca, Cairo and Tehran. He also established the White House Map Room and Shangri-La (current day Camp David). In August 1944, McCrea was promoted to the rank of rear admiral and assumed command of Cruiser Division ONE and a task force in the Aleutian waters in the North Pacific. Upon the death of President Roosevelt in April 1945, McCrea was recalled to Washington and served in various positions in the Navy Department, later rising to the rank of vice admiral.
McCrea retired from the Navy in 1953 and began work in the private sector. He worked as a vice president for client relations at John Hancock Life Insurance Company in Boston, retiring in 1966. Admiral John L. McCrea died on 1990 January 25 in Needham, Massachusetts.
Chronology of Naval Service Note
- Born May 29 in Marlette, Michigan
- Graduated from United States Naval Academy
- U.S.S. New York (BB-34)
- U.S.S. New Mexico (BB-40)
- Aide to Admiral Hugh Rodman, Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet
- Executive officer, U.S.S. Ramapo (AO-12)
- Student at U.S. Naval War College
- Commander, U.S.S. Bittern (AM-36)
- Assigned to the Office of the Judge Advocate General
- Bachelor of law degree, George Washington University
- Aide and flag secretary to the Commander, Special Service Squadron operating in Central American waters
- Aide to Orin G. Murfin, Judge Advocate General
- Masters of law degree, George Washington University
- Navigator, U.S.S. Astoria (CA-34)
- Promotion to Commander
- Executive officer of naval station and aide for civil administration, Guam
- Executive officer, U.S.S. Pennsylvania (BB-38)
- Aide to Harold R. Stark, Chief of Naval Operations
- Naval secretary at the first meetings of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
- Promotion to Captain
- Naval aide to President Franklin D. Roosevelt
- Commander, U.S.S. Iowa (BB-61)
- Promotion to Rear Admiral
- Commander, Cruiser Division One in attacks on Japanese installations in the Aleutian and Kurile islands
- Deputy Chief of Naval Operations
- Deputy Commander, United States Pacific Fleet
- Director of Staff, Personnel Policy Board, United States Navy
- Retirement from U.S. Navy
- Vice-president for client relations, John Hancock Life Insurance Co.
- Died January 25 in Needham, Massachusetts
.25 Linear Feet (1 half archival box, 1 oversize folder)
Language of Materials
Vice Admiral John Livingstone McCrea (1891-1990) served in the Navy from 1915 until his retirement in 1953. These papers include correspondence and photographs relating to his professional career and personal interests.
This collection is arranged in alphabetical order by type.
Dr. Hattendorf purchased this collection from online auctions, 2018 March.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Gift of Dr. John B. Hattendorf, 2018 March (Ms.Ac.2018.3).
This collection was processed in accordance with archival and local standards by Elizabeth Delmage, 2018 July.
- Guide to the John B. Hattendorf collection of John L. McCrea papers
- Dacs Finding Aid
- Elizabeth Delmage
- 2018 Nov 7
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
Part of the Naval War College Archives Repository
US Naval War College
686 Cushing Rd
Newport RI 02841 US